Computer-Aided Recognition of Facial Attributes for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Comparison of computer-based facial recognition software of facial images against standard, manual examination in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Areas-under-the-curve values for individual receiver-operating characteristic curves revealed the computer-aided system to be comparable to the manual method in detecting patients with FASD. Cases of alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder were identified more efficiently by the computer-aided system in comparison to the manual method.

Valentine 2017 (Pediatrics) | PubMed 29187580 | Author Search

A Clinical Prediction Rule for Rebound Hyperbilirubinemia Following Inpatient Phototherapy

A report of a prediction rule for rebound hyperbilirubinemia (return of total serum bilirubin to phototherapy threshold within 72 hours of phototherapy termination) in newborns of at least 35 weeks’ gestation. Authors studied a group of ~7000 infants, 4.6% of whom had rebound hyperbilirubinemia. The formula is calculated as: 15 points if gestational age less than 38 weeks, minus 7 × (age in days at phototherapy initiation) minus 4 × (AAP phototherapy threshold − TSB at phototherapy termination) + 50. This score in turn can be applied to a curve (pictured) to predict rebound hyperbilirubinemia.

Chang 2016 (Pediatrics) | PubMed | Author Search